A *fine or money paid in lieu of military service i.e. shield money; tax on an estate. The Latin form was scutagium. Land held of the king by tenants-in-chief owed military service, i.e. the supply of a specified number of knights when called upon. Henry II imposed such a tax every four years or so, at two marks (£1 6s 8d). It was basically a military tax; one which *Magna Carta affirmed could not be levied without the 'common counsel of the kingdom'. The purpose of levying a scutage in the late 12c and the 13c was to raise money to pay the wages of hired soldiers, who were beginning to predominate in armies of the time. In the late 12c, a knight was paid a daily wage of 1s, a foot soldier 1d or 2d. By the time of Edward III, "mercenaries were an essential part of the armies he mustered for use in the "Hundred Years' War. At this time knights' wages had gone up to 2s a day. Indeed, the *Dialogus de Scaccario had this to say of scutage: 'The king decrees that a certain sum be paid from each knight's fief, namely, a mark or a pound, whence come the pay and gratuities for the soldiers. For the prince prefers to thrust into the vortex of war mercenary troops rather than domestic forces. And so this sum is paid in the name of shields and is therefore called scutage.' [< Lat. scutum = shield] -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Scutage — Scu tage (?; 48), n. [LL. scutagium, from L. scutum a shield.] (Eng. Hist.) Shield money; commutation of service for a sum of money. See {Escuage}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scutage — [skyo͞ot′ij] n. [ML scutagium < L scutum, a shield: see SCUTUM] a tax paid by the holder of a knight s fee, usually in lieu of feudal military service …   English World dictionary

  • Scutage — The tax of scutage or escuage, in the law of England under the feudal system, allowed a knight to buy out of the military service due to the Crown from the holder of a knight s fee. Its name derived from the knightly shield (in Latin: scutum ).… …   Wikipedia

  • scutage — /skyooh tij/, n. (in the feudal system) a payment exacted by a lord in lieu of military service due to him by the holder of a fee. [1425 75; late ME < ML scutagium. See SCUTUM, AGE] * * * ▪ feudal law also called  shield money , French  écuage … …   Universalium

  • scutage — Tallage Tal lage, Talliage Tal li*age, n. [F. taillage. See {Taille}, and cf. {Tailage}.] (O. Eng. Law) A certain rate or tax paid by barons, knights, and inferior tenants, toward the public expenses. [Written also {tailage}, {taillage}.] [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scutage — Escuage Es cu*age (?; 48), n. [OF. escuage, F. [ e]cuage, from OF. escu shield, F. [ e]cu. See {Esquire}.] (Feud. Law) Service of the shield, a species of knight service by which a tenant was bound to follow his lord to war, at his own charge. It …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scutage —    If a man at arms or knight didn t want to perform military service, as stipulated under the terms by which he held his fiefdom, he could pay his lord a fee to avoid this service. This fee was called a Scutage …   The writer's dictionary of science fiction, fantasy, horror and mythology

  • Scutage Rolls — Exemptions from the payment of scutage were enrolled under this head; also permission given to tenants in chief to collect scutage and summonses for military service. Cf. Scutage …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • scutage — noun Etymology: Middle English, from Medieval Latin scutagium, from Latin scutum shield more at esquire Date: 15th century a tax levied on a vassal or a knight in lieu of military service …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • scutage — noun A tax, in feudal times, paid in lieu of military service …   Wiktionary

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